 # Spirograph

The Spirograph applet is written using Java. You must have a Java enabled browser such as Netscape Navigator to be able to see this Spirograph applet.

### What is a Spirograph?

A Spirograph is formed by rolling a circle inside or outside of another circle. The pen is placed at any point on the rolling circle. If the radius of fixed circle is R, the radius of moving circle is r, and the offset of the pen point in the moving circle is O, then the equation of the resulting curve is defined by:

```	x = (R+r)*cos(t) - (r+O)*cos(((R+r)/r)*t)
y = (R+r)*sin(t) - (r+O)*sin(((R+r)/r)*t)
```

### How to use this applet?

Here is how you can use the controls in this Spirograph applet:

• The first three scroll bars in the control panel let you change R, r and O respectively. You can change these values between 1 and 100.

• You can use the next three scroll bars to change the color of the drawing. These scroll bars change the red, green and blue values of the color (in the range 0-255) respectively.

• The last scroll bar lets you choose the number of iterations for the Spirograph.

• You can use the Random button to select random values for the radii and color. The number of iterations is not changed by the Random button.